Default Banner Title

MSM: MASSMART HOLDINGS LIMITED - Results For The 52 Weeks Ended 30 December 2018

Date: 2019/02/28

MSM: MASSMART HOLDINGS LIMITED - Results for the 52 weeks ended 30 December 2018
Results for the 52 weeks ended 30 December 2018

Massmart Holdings Limited 
("the Company" or "the Group") 
JSE code MSM 
ISIN ZAE000152617 
Company registration number 1940/014066/06

Results for the 52 weeks ended 30 December 2018 

Massmart, with total sales of R90.9 billion, comprises four Divisions operating in 436 stores, in 13 sub-Saharan countries. 
Through our widely-recognised, differentiated retail and wholesale formats, we have leading shares in the General Merchandise, Liquor, Home Improvement and wholesale Food markets. Our key foundations of high volume, low cost and operational excellence enable our price leadership. 

Performance summary 
Like-on-like 52-week basis* 

Sales
Up 2.9% 
R90.9 billion
2017: R88.4 billion 
 
Trading profit before interest and taxation 
Down 16.8% 
R2.1 billion 
2017: R2.5 billion^ 

Headline Earnings before restructure costs (taxed) 
Down 22.9% 
R1.0 billion 
2017: R1.3 billion^ 

Headline Earnings 
Down 31.7% 
R901.2 million 
2017: R1.3 billion^ 

Total dividend per share 
Down 40.1% 
208.00 cents
2017: 347.00 cents 


^ Certain comparative figures shown do not correspond with the 2017 financial statements and reflect adjustments made. Refer to note 5. 
* To provide a more meaningful assessment of the current year's performance, the performance summary has been prepared on a like-on-like basis 
which includes the material impact of IFRS 15 'Revenue from contracts with customers' in the current and prior financial years. Refer to note 2 for 
details on the impact of the new accounting standards using the modified retrospective approach. 


Our Divisions on a 52-week basis

Massdiscounters

Comprises the 146-store General Merchandise and Food discounter Game, which trades in South Africa and 11 other African countries; and the 25 store Hi-tech retailer DionWired in South Africa. 

Sales 
Down 1.2%
R19,729.4 million 
2017: R19,971.7 million 

Trading profit** 
Down 91.3% 
R32.6 million 
2017: R373.5 million 

Total sales of R19.7 billion decreased by 1.2% and comparable sales were down 1.5% with product deflation of 2.9%. In South Africa, Game's total 
sales declined by 0.1% while comparable sales increased by 0.1%, an improved second half sales performance showing positive volume growth. Game 
Africa's total sales in constant currencies increased by 1.5%, but declined by 0.9% in Rands, with trading conditions particularly difficult in Nigeria 
and Mozambique. DionWired's sales were below those of the prior year from a combination of factors including limited product innovation and 
severe stock supply challenges, especially in laptops. 
The organisational restructure and relocation of the Game head office incurred a cost of R116.1 million, with expected annual savings of 
approximately R30.0 million. Following the February 2018 announcement, the restructure and relocation took about nine months to settle. One disappointing 
consequence was that trading disciplines were not robust and about 1% of annual trading margin was foregone. This will be recovered during 2019. 
Expenses were well managed and were only 1.6% higher than the prior year (a comparable increase of 0.6%). The softer trading margin and lower 
than expected December sales caused pressure on overall profitability resulting in Massdiscounters' trading profit before interest and tax decreasing 
by 91.3% (excluding restructure costs) to R32.6 million. 
Game and now DionWired use the SAP Hybris online shopping platform. The SAP ERP system implementation go-live date is scheduled for the 
second half of 2019. 
Three DionWired stores and five Game stores (including two in Ghana and one in Kenya) were opened during the year, while one Game store and two 
DionWired stores were closed. Massdiscounters' trading space increased by 2.2% to 560,828m2. 


Masswarehouse

Comprises the 21-store Makro warehouse-club trading in Food, General Merchandise and Liquor in South Africa; and Massfresh, which houses   
the Group's fresh produce, fresh meat and bakery operations including The Fruitspot. 

Sales 
Up 5.4%
R28,778.2 million 
2017: R27,311.9 million 

Trading profit** 
Down 12.4%
R1,100.8 million 
2017: R1,256.7 million^ 

Total sales of R28.8 billion increased by 5.4% and comparable sales grew by 3.7%, with product deflation of 0.2%, caused by deflation in General 
Merchandise and Food commodities. Comparable sales growth in Food & Liquor was 3.3% and General Merchandise sales growth was 4.5%. 
Makro's operating margin was well managed but the Masswarehouse result in the second-half was severely impacted by negative adjustments for inventory 
and cost of sales in Massfresh. This unsatisfactory development first came to light in November 2018 and more than 20 management and staff have 
already been replaced. 
Expense growth of 9.2% (a 5.7% comparable increase) was higher than sales growth, partly as a result of the new Makro store opened in late 2017. 
Including the negative Massfresh adjustments trading profit before interest and tax decreased by 12.4% to R1.1 billion. 
Online sales grew by 22.4% and margins improved through better logistics, fulfilment and product mix. Makro's new SAP Hybris platform was 
launched in early February 2019. 
There were no new stores with trading space remaining at 231,021m2. In late March 2019 we will open a new Makro store in Cornubia, north of Durban. 


Massbuild

Comprises 106 stores, trading in DIY, Home Improvement and Building Materials, under the Builders Warehouse, Builders Express, Builders Trade 
Depot and Builders Superstore brands in South Africa; and eight Builders stores across Botswana, Mozambique and Zambia. 

Sales 
Up 5.9% 
R13,756.1 million 
2017: R12,993.6 million 

Trading profit** 
Up 1.8%
R749.1 million 
2017: R735.5 million 
 
Massbuild grew total sales by 5.9% to R13.8 billion, with comparable sales increasing by 3.4% and product inflation of 2.7%. In the second half of 2018 the South 
African business saw a decline in growth of contactor sales even as retail sales grew slightly - this trend has thus far continued into 2019. Assisted 
by new stores opened in 2017 and 2018, total Rand sales growth in our ex-SA stores was 14.1% while comparable sales growth was slightly 
negative. 
The increased participation of higher-margin retail sales improved Massbuild's gross margins. As a result of the net six new stores, total expenses grew 
by 8.1% but comparable expenses grew by only 3.6%. Trading profit before interest and tax of R749.1 million grew by 1.8%. 
The product range on the Builders Warehouse online platform has been expanded to 35,000 items and sales growth remains high with strong 
customer support. Click-and-collect is available in all South African metropolitan stores and will soon be launched in our stores in Zambia and 
Botswana. 
In South Africa four Builders Superstores and three Builders Express stores were opened while two Builders Trade Depot stores and one Builders 
Express store were closed. One Builders Express store was opened in Maputo, Mozambique and one Builders Warehouse store in Makeni, Zambia, 
resulting in a net trading space increase of 2.6% to 468,155m2. 


Masscash

Comprises 54 Wholesale Cash & Carry stores and 63 Retail stores trading in South Africa; 13 Cash & Carry stores in Botswana, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Swaziland and Zambia; and Shield, a voluntary buying association.   

Sales 
Up 2.1% 
R28,677.9 million 
2017: R28,078.8 million* 

Trading profit** 
Up 48.4% 
R188.6 million 
2017: R127.1 million 

Total sales of R28.7 billion increased by 2.1%, while comparable sales decreased by 0.2%. Product inflation increased from June 2018 to 0.3% as price deflation 
eased in commodities like maize, wheat, oil, sugar and rice. Sales in our Wholesale business grew by 2.3% and in our Retail business (Cambridge 
and Rhino) grew by 1.8%. 
The organisational restructure and relocation of regional offices to Johannesburg was completed at a cost of R44.9 million in the current year, with 
annual savings expected of R22.0 million. The trading benefits of this restructure began to show in the second half of 2018. 
Expense growth was limited to 0.6% and good margin management resulted in trading profit before interest and tax increasing by 48.4% to R188.6 
million.
We are very supportive of the South African government's intention to address general tax compliance and enforcement as this will improve our competitive positioning in the longer-run. 
Two Retail stores were opened in South Africa, resulting in a net trading space increase of 3.1% to 388,714m2 from December 2017. 
 
* Like-on-like basis, including material impact of IFRS 15 in both years. Refer to note 2.
** The 'trading profit before interest and tax' above is the amount per the condensed consolidated income statement less the BEE transaction IFRS 2 
charge and excludes restructuring costs. 
^ Certain comparative figures do not correspond with the 2017 financial statements and reflect adjustments made. Refer to note 5. 


Massmart Reviewed Consolidated Results for the 52 weeks ended 30 December 2018 

Group sales performance on a like-on-like basis 

This year's accounting for the adoption of IFRS 9 and IFRS 15, which in particular includes Shield's sales on a net basis in the current year, 
complicates performance comparisons between the results for the current and prior years. To provide a more meaningful assessment of the current 
year's performance, and unless otherwise stated, the commentary below has been provided on a like-on-like basis, i.e. reflecting the impact of IFRS 
9 and IFRS 15 in both the current and prior years. This like-on-like financial information must be read in conjunction with note 2 on page 15. In addition, 
the commentary below reflects Massmart's performance for the current and prior years' 52-week periods. 

Massmart's total sales for the 52 weeks of R90.9 billion represent an increase of 2.9%, with comparable store sales increasing by 1.2% and product 
deflation of 0.2%. These figures suggest comparable sales volume growth of 1.4% which approximates South African economic growth in 2018. 
Total sales from our South African stores grew by 2.9% and comparable sales by 1.5%. Total Rand sales from our ex-SA stores grew by 3.7%, while 
in constant currencies these grew by 3.9% and comparable stores by 0.5%. Ex-SA Rand sales growth improved in the second-half of the financial 
year due to positive currency movements. 
In the Group's major categories, Food sales grew by 0.7% (with product deflation of 1.1%), Liquor sales by 11.8% (with product inflation of 2.2%), 
Durable Goods sales by 0.7% (with product deflation of 1.7%) and Home Improvement sales by 5.9% (with product inflation of 0.9%). 
The ongoing deflation in Food benefits constrained customers but causes pressure on profitability from deflated sales growth being below 
expense growth. Similarly, Durable Goods' deflation is benefitting customers who nevertheless remain cautious and time many of their purchases 
around our promotional activities. We continue to hold strong market shares across a number of our Durable Goods categories, including: large and 
small domestic appliances; Hi-tech; and; most DIY and hardware categories. 
Black Friday has become a firm fixture on the South African retail calendar and our various businesses developed different tactical plans to satisfy 
our customers' expectations and also to cope with the extreme volumes sold over this period. Customers have demonstrably changed their shopping 
behaviour with reduced purchases in the month or two prior to Black Friday and then they selectively target the promotional offerings. The Group's 
total sales from the Friday to Sunday of R1.8 billion were 16% higher than the same prior year period. 
In our sales update on 22 January 2019 we reported that Group sales in November and December 2018 had been unexpectedly soft resulting in 
comparable sales declining by 0.9% over this crucial two-month period. This marked slowdown was seen subsequently in the StatsSA national sales 
figures for December 2018. 
The Group's gross margins declined slightly from 19.63% to 19.45%, caused primarily by margin pressure in Game and negative stock adjustments 
in Massfresh, which were partially offset by the higher sales participation of retail customers in Massbuild. More detail is provided in the Divisional 
Reviews. 
In February 2018, we announced the restructuring of some of the business functions within Massdiscounters and Masscash and the relocation of both 
head offices from Durban to Johannesburg. Expected annual savings will be approximately R52.0 million. The restructures and office moves were completed 
in late 2018 and caused business disruption and uncertainty amongst staff and management. 
Growth in total expenses, excluding restructuring costs, was a creditable 5.0% while comparable expense increases were limited to 2.3%. This good 
performance was however insufficient to neutralise the pressure from soft sales, particularly over the crucial November and December 2018 period, 
and from slightly lower gross margins. Occupancy costs saw the highest increase of 10.1% which came from new stores that added 2.2% to trading 
space and the rental annualisation of Makro Riversands. 
Disappointingly, the combination of low sales growth and higher expense growth caused Group trading profit excluding foreign exchange 
movements, interest and restructure costs to decline by 16.8% to R2.1 billion. Headline earnings excluding restructure costs decreased by 22.9% to R1.0 billion, while 
Headline earnings decreased by 31.7% to R901.2 million. 
The Massdiscounters and Makro distribution centres (DCs) were transitioned into the Massmart Logistics business unit and will be utilised as a Group 
asset, resulting in improved DC cost recoveries and transport efficiencies from leveraging the Group scale. 
The continued focus on new revenue streams saw a 61% growth in our Value-Added Services (VAS) business which was achieved through growth 
across money transfers, lotto sales, cash-backs, RCS credit product sales and extended warranties. 
Our omnichannel focus, improving our customers' choice and experience, resulted in the Group's total online sales growing by 56%. This was 
achieved through our four e-commerce points of presence - Makro, Game, DionWired and Builders Warehouse - all of which now use the SAP 
Hybris platform. Last month Makro switched from its legacy platform to Hybris and we are managing the usual challenges of this type of transition. 
Combined online traffic across Makro, Game, DionWired and Builders Warehouse grew by 74%. 
During the year 19 stores were opened and six were closed, resulting in a net trading space increase of 2.2% to 1,648,718m2. Our African growth 
plans remain on track and we added 13,409m2 of ex-SA trading space in the year, representing 5.8% new space in our ex-SA stores. 

Financial review 

Like-on-like performance 
Massmart's total sales for the 52 weeks ended 30 December 2018 increased by 2.9% and comparable store sales increased by 1.2%. Product deflation 
was 0.2%. Inflation in Food & Liquor and Home Improvements increased slightly to 1.1% and 0.9% respectively, while Durables went into further 
deflation of 2.1%. Our ex-SA businesses represent 8.7% (2017: 8.6%) of total sales and increased by 3.7% in Rands (3.9% increase in constant 
currencies). 
The Group's 52-week like-on-like gross margin of 19.45% is marginally lower than that of the prior year (2017: 19.63%), caused primarily by margin 
pressure in Game and Massfresh, which were partially offset by the increased sales participation of higher-margin retail customers in Massbuild. 
Margin was adversely impacted by negative adjustments for inventory and the cost of sales in Massfresh. 
Expenses were well managed and increased by only 5.0% (excluding restructure costs), while comparable expense increases were limited to 2.3%. 
Employment costs, the Group's biggest cost category, were limited to an increase of 2.7%, due to a combination of improved staff scheduling in 
stores and DCs and a selective replacement of vacancies which resulted in full-time equivalent employees remaining relatively 
stable at just under 48,500. The opening of a net 13 new stores and the rental annualisation of Makro Riversands resulted in occupancy costs 
increasing by 10.1% (a comparable increase of 6.4%). Depreciation and amortisation increased by 3.2% over the prior year while other operating 
expenses increased by 5.8%. The non-capital costs of upgrading our IT infrastructure, as well as pre-opening store expenses of R57.8 million (2017: 
R43.5 million), are included in this expense category. 
Trading profit before interest and taxation (excluding restructure costs) declined by 16.8% to R2.1 billion. Included in operating profit are the costs of 
R161.0 million pertaining to the formal organisational restructure under s189 of the Labour Relations Act (LRA) in both Massdiscounters and Masscash (see note 4). 
Operating profit after restructure costs and before forex, interest and taxation declined by 25.0% to R1.9 billion. 
Earnings before interest, tax, depreciation and amortisation (EBITDA) of R3.0 billion decreased by 15.4% over the prior year. 
Included in operating profit are net realised and unrealised foreign exchange losses of R2.7 million (2017: R39.9 million loss), the majority of which 
arose as a result of the strengthening of the average basket of ex-SA currencies. Cash interest paid to the banks grew R25.2 million (a 4.4% increase), 
resulting in net finance costs growing by 10.0% to R623.7 million (2017: R566.8 million), largely due to the impact of a finance lease capitalised at 
the end of 2017 and net working capital increases. The Group's effective tax rate of 31.5% (2017: 29.9%) increased mainly from the greater impact 
of non-deductible expenses. 
Headline earnings before restructure costs decreased by 22.9% to R1.0 billion, while Headline earnings decreased by 31.7% to R901.2 million. 
The 2017 financial year was a 53-week period. Using the modified retrospective method per IFRS 15, relative to the 2017 53-week period, total sales 
for the 2018 52-week period of R90.9 billion represent a decline of 3.0%, with comparable store sales also declining by 4.7%. On the same basis, 
Headline earnings before restructure costs decreased by 31.3% to R1.0 billion, while Headline earnings decreased by 39.2% to R901.2 million.

Financial position 
Unless otherwise stated, the commentary on our financial position has been provided taking into account the adoption of IFRS 9 and IFRS 15. 
Capital expenditure was focused on store openings, the refurbishment of existing stores, SAP Hybris implementation and ERP development which 
saw increases in new IT infrastructure. 
The net book value of property, plant and equipment increased by 3.0% over the prior year. Total capital expenditure was R1.6 billion. The 
expansionary expenditure of R833.6 million included investments in IT systems and new store openings. Replacement expenditure was R772.4 
million and included store refurbishments. 
Operating cash before working capital movements amounted to R3.4 billion, 14.1% lower than the corresponding prior year and slightly better than 
the decline in EBITDA. Cash from working capital movements was an outflow of R545.8 million compared to an inflow of R705.8 million in 2017, 
partly due to higher inventory levels in 2018 but also from the 2018 year-end calendar cut-off date being a day earlier. The inventory balance 
increased by 10.9% to R12.2 billion and inventory days increased by five days to 61 days compared to December 2017. Inventory has been raised in 
Masscash from a deliberate focus on improving service-levels and is slightly higher in Massbuild and Game from lower than expected sales in 
December. Debtors' days increased by one day to 10 days and creditors' days increased by three days to 81 days. 

Impact of IFRS16 
The Group anticipates a material impact as a result of the adoption of IFRS 16 in 2019 using the modified retrospective approach. The material 
impact relates to the capitalising of leased stores and equipment onto the balance sheet in the form of a right-of-use-asset, together with the 
corresponding lease liability. Changes to the Statement of Comprehensive Income will result in the current operating lease costs being replaced by an 
amortisation of the right-of-use asset and calculated lease finance costs on the interest line. Other areas of the statutory metrics that will be impacted 
by the adoption of the standard include trading profit margin, EBITDA, earnings per share and derived KPIs. The average remaining term on real estate and non-real estate is currently 5 and 2 years respectively. 
We will give first time disclosure in the publication of our 2018 annual financial statements. 


Like-on-like Divisional operational review
 
                                                                                                                          
                   52 weeks                     Restated^                                  52 weeks                         Restated^ 
                   December                     52 weeks                     52 weeks    Comparable     Estimated#          53 weeks        
                       2018      % of      December 2017         % of    Like-on-like       % sales       % sales      December 2017       % of
Rm                (Reviewed)    sales      (Like-on-like)*      sales        % growth*       growth     inflation     (Like-on-like)*     sales                                                                                                       
                                                                                                                    
Sales              90,941.6                     88,356.0                          2.9           1.2         (0.2)           89,869.7 
Massdiscounters    19,729.4                     19,971.7                         (1.2)         (1.5)        (2.9)           20,330.6 
Masswarehouse      28,778.2                     27,311.9                          5.4           3.7         (0.2)           27,748.9 
Massbuild          13,756.1                     12,993.6                          5.9           3.4          2.7            13,191.9 
Masscash           28,677.9                     28,078.8                          2.1          (0.2)         0.3            28,598.3 
Trading profit**    2,071.1       2.3            2,492.8          2.8           (16.9)                                       2,744.1        3.1 
Massdiscounters        32.6       0.2              373.5          1.9           (91.3)                                         454.3        2.2 
Masswarehouse       1,100.8       3.8            1,256.7          4.6           (12.4)                                       1,313.3        4.7 
Massbuild             749.1       5.4              735.5          5.7             1.8                                          797.5        6.0 
Masscash              188.6       0.7              127.1          0.5            48.4                                          179.0        0.6 

* Refer to note 2. 
** The 'trading profit before interest and tax' above is the amount per the condensed consolidated income statement less the BEE transaction IFRS 2 
charge and excludes restructure costs. 
# Group Sales inflation is a weighted inflation. 
^ Certain comparative figures shown do not correspond with the 2017 financial statements and reflect adjustments made. Refer to note 5. 

Our people 
The contribution of our 48,500 colleagues across sub-Saharan Africa remains remarkable and always appreciated, especially in the current 
environment where many of them and their own families may be feeling the adverse consequences of the weak economy and high unemployment. 
We acknowledge and thank our colleagues in all our stores, offices, DCs and call-centres for their contribution, service and support. 

Directorate 
Hans van Lierop, Massmart's Chief Financial Officer, has indicated that for personal reasons he is not available to extend his tenure in South Africa 
after the formal conclusion of his South African work visa in February 2020. He has therefore given the Board early notice of this development and a formal 
executive search process to identify and appoint a successor will commence. This process will likely take between three to six months. 
Further announcements will be made when there are any material developments in this regard. 
See our separate announcement noting some changes to Massmart's non-executive directors.  

Our strategy 
Our areas of strategic focus remain unchanged: 

Improve and grow our core business
To drive the growth and profitability of the core South African business over the medium-term; 
 
Grow into sub-Saharan Africa 
Sub-Saharan African expansion through opening Builders Warehouse, Game and Masscash stores.   
In the next three years we anticipating increasing net trading space by 39,195m2 representing ex-SA space CAGR growth of 7.8%; and 

Grow online/omnichannel 
To expand, improve and refine our online / e-commerce offerings in Game, DionWired, Makro, and Builders Warehouse. 

Strategic priorities 
Due to our disappointing 2018 financial performance we are driving towards group services that encompass logistics, supply chain and part 
of our IT capabilities. This has been one of our strategic priorities and the remaining long-term strategic goals are outlined below: 
 - Improving Game's profitability; 
 - Delivering structurally lower operating costs by improving Group resource utilisation; 
 - Achieving supply chain efficiency through optimisation of regional DCs and vehicles by increasing the volume of product moved through the supply 
   chain network thereby reducing costs and stock holding; 
 - Adding 47 new stores between 2019 and 2021 representing a 2.7% compounded annual growth rate (CAGR) of new space. 32.7% of this space will be 
   in Africa, concentrated specifically in Kenya and Zambia; 
 - Investing capital in omnichannel capabilities which now represent 1.1% sales participation of those categories that are online and are growing at 
   56.4%; 
 - Improving our VAS customer offerings across the Group by adding to the portfolio of services offered; and 
 - Improving our Private Label sourcing to offer customers good quality products at affordable value. 
   
Given the Group's 2018 financial performance; our increased IT capital expenditure programme over the next few years; the likely muted 
South African economic growth in upcoming years; and the possibility of negative movements in future key South African macro-economic 
variables, the Group has begun to selectively curtail new store growth and to focus on reducing working capital levels in order to reduce our cash and 
capital demands. Another aspect of this focus is to offer shareholders the choice of a cash or scrip dividend as outlined in the Dividend section below. 

Outlook 
For the seven weeks to 17 February 2019, total sales amounted to R11.2 billion, representing an increase of 5.2% over the prior year. Comparable 
store sales increased by 3.9%. Product inflation is estimated at 1.3%. 
Despite this slightly improved sales performance, we remain cautious about the outlook for the South African consumer economy for the first half of 
the 2019 financial year. 
The financial information on which this outlook statement is based has not been reviewed and reported on by the Company's external auditors. 

Scrip dividend 
For the final dividend, Massmart's Board has elected to declare and issue a scrip dividend or as an alternative, an election to receive a cash dividend 
from Massmart. The Board has resolved to declare a distribution of fully paid Massmart ordinary shares with a par value 
of R0.01 each (the "Scrip Distribution") to ordinary shareholders of Massmart recorded in the securities register of the Company at the close of 
business on the record date, being Friday, 29 March 2019. 
Shareholders will, however, be entitled to elect to receive a cash dividend ("the Cash Dividend") of 140 cents per Massmart ordinary share held on the 
record date, being Friday, 29 March 2019, in respect of all or part of their ordinary shareholding, instead of the Scrip Distribution. The Cash 
Dividend will be paid only to those: 
 - certificated shareholders whose forms of election to receive the Cash Dividend, in respect of all or part of their shareholding, are received by the 
   Transfer Secretaries on or before 12:00 on Friday, 29 March 2019; and 
 - dematerialised shareholders who have instructed their CSDP or broker accordingly and in the manner and time stipulated in their agreement with 
   such CSDP or broker. 
Shareholders not electing to receive the Cash Dividend in respect of all or part of their ordinary shareholding will, without any action on their part, be 
entitled to receive the Scrip Distribution in proportion to their ordinary shareholding as at the close of business on the record date, being Friday, 29 
March 2019 and in accordance with the ratio set out in the announcement to be published around 18 March 2019. 
No payment to shareholders contemplated in this announcement shall carry interest against the Company. Furthermore, any reference in this 
announcement to the Cash Dividend payable to or receivable by shareholders refers to the amount of such dividend, after the deduction of dividend 
withholding tax ("DWT"), if any, as contemplated in this announcement. 
The Scrip Distribution and the Cash Dividend alternative may have tax implications for both resident and non-resident shareholders. Shareholders are 
therefore encouraged to consult their professional tax advisers, should they be in any doubt as to the appropriate action to take. In terms of the 
Income Tax Act, 58 of 1962, as amended ("the Income Tax Act"), the Cash Dividend will, unless exempt, be subject to DWT. South African resident 
shareholders that are liable for DWT will be subject to DWT at a rate of 20% of the Cash Dividend and this amount will be withheld from the Cash 
Dividend with the result that they will receive a net amount of 112 cents per share. Non-resident shareholders may be subject to DWT at a rate of 
less than 20%, depending on their country of residence and the applicability of any double tax agreement between South Africa and their country of 
residence. 
The Scrip Distribution is not subject to DWT in terms of the Income Tax Act, but the subsequent disposal of Massmart ordinary shares obtained as a 
result of the Scrip Distribution is likely to have income tax or capital gains tax ("CGT") implications. Where any future disposals of Massmart 
ordinary shares obtained as a result of the Scrip Distribution falls within the CGT regime, the base cost of such shares will be deemed to be zero in 
terms of the Income Tax Act (or the value at which such Massmart ordinary shares will be included in the determination of the weighted average base 
cost method will be zero).


The salient dates relating to the payment of the Scrip Distribution and Cash Dividend are as follows: 

Thursday, 28 February   Preliminary results including declaration information released on the Stock Exchange News Service ("SENS") of the JSE Limited 
                        ("JSE") 
Friday, 1 March         Preliminary results including declaration information published in the press 
Monday, 4 March         Circular and form of election posted to shareholders 
Monday, 18 March        Finalisation of information, including the ratio applicable to the Scrip Distribution, released on SENS by 11:00 
Tuesday, 19 March       Finalisation of information, including the ratio applicable to the Scrip Distribution, published in the press 
Tuesday, 26 March       Last day to trade in order to be eligible to participate in the Scrip Distribution/Cash Dividend alternative ("CUM")              
Wednesday, 27 March     Massmart ordinary shares trade "Ex" the entitlement to the Cash Dividend/Scrip Distribution
Thursday, 28 March      Announcement released on SENS in respect of the cash payment applicable to fractional entitlements, based on the volume average 
                        price on Wednesday, 27 March 2019, discounted by 10%, by 11h00 
Wednesday, 27 March     Listing of maximum possible number of new Massmart ordinary shares that could be issued in terms of the Scrip Distribution 
Friday, 29 March        Last day to elect the Cash Dividend alternative in lieu of the Scrip Distribution by 12:00 for certificated shareholders and for 
                        dematerialised shareholders (in accordance with the mandate between the shareholder and their CSDP/broker) 
Friday, 29 March        Record date in respect of the Scrip Distribution/Cash Dividend alternative             
Monday, 1 April         Share certificates, electronic funds transfers and/or dividend cheques posted and CSDP/broker accounts credited/updated 
Monday, 1 April         Announcement regarding the results of the Scrip Distribution released on SENS 
Wednesday, 3 April      Maximum number of new Massmart ordinary shares listed adjusted to reflect the actual number of new Massmart ordinary shares 
                        issued in respect of the Scrip Distribution 

Notes to salient dates: 
-All times provided are South African standard times quoted on a 24-hour basis, unless specified otherwise. The above dates and times are subject to change. If applicable, 
any changes will be released on SENS and published in the South African press. 
-Share certificates may not be dematerialised or rematerialised between Wednesday, 27 March 2019 and Friday, 29 March 2019, both days inclusive. 

The distribution of this announcement, and the rights to receive the Script Distribution shares in jurisdictions other than the Republic of South Africa, may be restricted by law and any failure to comply with these restrictions may constitute a violation of the securities laws of such jurisdictions.Accordingly, shareholders will not be entitled to receive the Script Distribution shares, directly or indirectly, in those jurisdictions and shall be deemed to have elected the Cash Dividend alternative. Such non-resident shareholders should inform themselves about and observe any applicable legal requirements in such jurisdictions. It is the responsibility of non-resident shareholders to satisfy themselves as to the full observance of the laws and regulatory requirements of the relevant jurisdictions in respect of the Script Distribution, including the obtaining of any governmental, exchange control or other consents or the making of any filing which may be required, compliance with other necessary formalities and payment of any issue, transfer or other taxes or other requisite payments due in such jurisdictions.Shareholders who have any doubts as to their position, including, without limitation, their tax status, should consult an appropriate adviser in the relevant jurisdictions without delay.

Shareholders in the United States or US persons as defined in Regulation S under the US Securities Act of 1933 who wish to receive the Script Distribution must be qualified institutional buyers as defined in Rule 144A under the Securities Act and also qualified purchasers within the meaning of Section 2(a)(51)(A) of the US Investment Company Act of 1940.

Massmart shareholders who hold Massmart ordinary shares in certificated form ("certificated shareholders") should note that dividends will be paid 
by cheque and by means of an electronic funds transfer ("EFT") method. Where the dividend payable to a particular certificated shareholder is less 
than R100, the dividend will be paid by EFT only to such certificated shareholder. Certificated shareholders who do not have access to any EFT 
facilities are advised to contact the company's transfer secretaries, Computershare Investor Services at Rosebank Towers, 15 Biermann Avenue, 
Rosebank, Johannesburg, 2196; on 011 370 5000; or on 0861 100 9818 (fax), in order to make the necessary arrangements to take delivery of the 
proceeds of their dividend. 
Massmart shareholders who hold Massmart ordinary shares in dematerialised form will have their accounts held at their CSDP or broker credited 
electronically with the proceeds of their dividend. 

Guy Hayward 
Chief Executive Officer 

Johannes van Lierop 
Chief Financial Officer 

27 February 2019 


Like-on-like condensed consolidated income statement 

                                          52 weeks         Restated^                           Restated^ 
                                          December         52 weeks                            53 weeks 
                                              2018    December 2017      Like-on-like*    December 2017
Rm                                       (Reviewed)   (Like-on-like)*        % change     (Like-on-like)* 
                                                                                          
Revenue                                   91,180.6         88,649.7               2.9          90,163.6 
Sales                                     90,941.6         88,356.0               2.9          89,869.7 
Cost of sales                            (73,250.4)       (71,007.5)             (3.2)        (72,219.1) 
Gross profit                              17,691.2         17,348.5               2.0          17,650.6 
Other income                                 231.0            234.9              (1.7)            235.1 
Depreciation and amortisation             (1,134.6)        (1,099.6)             (3.2)         (1,099.6) 
Employment costs                          (7,582.9)        (7,381.9)             (2.7)         (7,402.9) 
Occupancy costs                           (3,491.3)        (3,170.0)            (10.1)         (3,182.6) 
Other operating costs                     (3,644.5)        (3,445.8)             (5.8)         (3,463.3) 
Trading profit before interest   
                                           2,068.9          2,486.1             (16.8)          2,737.3 
and taxation 
Restructuring cost (note 4)                 (161.0)               -                 -                 - 
Impairment of assets                         (21.4)           (18.9)            (13.2)            (18.9) 
Insurance proceeds on items in PP&E            8.0             58.8             (86.4)             58.8 
Operating profit before foreign   
                                           1,894.5          2,526.0             (25.0)          2,777.2 
exchange movements and interest 
Foreign exchange loss (note 7)                (2.7)           (39.9)             93.2             (47.2) 
Operating profit before interest           1,891.8          2,486.1             (23.9)          2,730.0 
- Finance costs                             (648.8)          (592.7)             (9.5)           (603.5) 
- Finance income                              25.1             25.9              (3.1)             26.4 
Net finance costs                           (623.7)          (566.8)            (10.0)           (577.1) 
Profit before taxation                     1,268.1          1,919.3             (33.9)          2,152.9 
Taxation                                    (399.4)          (574.2)             30.4            (644.0) 
Profit for the year                          868.7          1,345.1             (35.4)          1,508.9 
Profit attributable to: 
- Owners of the parent                       888.6          1,332.6             (33.3)          1,494.9 
- Non-controlling interests                  (19.9)            12.5            (100.0)             14.0 
Profit for the year                          868.7          1,345.1             (35.4)          1,508.9 

 Basic EPS (cents)                           410.6            619.0             (33.7)            694.4 
 Diluted basic EPS (cents)                   401.9            607.5             (33.8)            681.5 
 Dividend (cents): 
- Interim                                     68.0             76.0             (10.5)             76.0 
- Final                                      140.0            271.0             (48.3)            271.0 
- Total                                      208.0            347.0             (40.1)            347.0 

^ Certain comparative figures shown do not correspond with the 2017 financial statements and reflect adjustments made. Refer to note 5.  

* To provide a more meaningful assessment of the current year's performance, the financial tables have been prepared on a like-on-like basis which 
includes the material impact of IFRS 15 in the current and prior financial year. Refer to note 2 for detail on the impact of the new accounting 
standards using the modified retrospective approach.  

The like-on-like financial effects on sales, for which the Directors of Massmart are responsible, are provided for illustrative purposes only to show 
the effect that IFRS 15 'Revenue from contracts with customers' would have had on the 31 December 2017 sales amount, allowing for a like-on-like 
comparison to December 2018. The Group's external auditor has issued a reporting accountants' report on the December 2017 sales amount. A copy 
of their procedures report is available at the Group's registered office. 


Condensed consolidated income statement  
                                                                                                                                                    
                                                                                                                Restated^                              Restated^ 
                                                             52 weeks                         52 weeks          52 weeks                               53 weeks
                                                        December 2018      IFRS 9 & 15   December 2018     December 2017              Adjusted   December 2017
Rm                                                          (Reviewed)      Adjustment*      (Adjusted)*      (Pro forma)   % change  % change*      (Reviewed)                                
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                   
                                                                                                                                                                                                                     
Revenue                                                      91,180.6          4,419.9        95,600.5          92,442.3        (1.4)      3.4         94,029.1 
Sales                                                        90,941.6          4,415.6        95,357.2          92,148.6        (1.3)      3.5         93,735.2 
Cost of sales                                               (73,250.4)        (4,432.3)      (77,682.7)        (74,800.1)        2.1      (3.9)       (76,084.6) 
Gross profit                                                 17,691.2            (16.7)       17,674.5          17,348.5         2.0       1.9         17,650.6 
Other income                                                    231.0              4.3           235.3             234.9        (1.7)      0.2            235.1 
Depreciation and amortisation                                (1,134.6)               -        (1,134.6)         (1,099.6)       (3.2)     (3.2)        (1,099.6) 
Employment costs                                             (7,582.9)               -        (7,582.9)         (7,381.9)       (2.7)     (2.7)        (7,402.9) 
Occupancy costs                                              (3,491.3)               -        (3,491.3)         (3,170.0)      (10.1)    (10.1)        (3,182.6) 
Other operating costs                                        (3,644.5)             1.6        (3,642.9)         (3,445.8)       (5.8)     (5.7)        (3,463.3) 
Trading profit before interest and taxation                   2,068.9            (10.8)        2,058.1           2,486.1       (16.8)    (17.2)         2,737.3 
Restructuring cost (note 4)                                   (161.0)                -          (161.0)                -           -         -                - 
Impairment of assets                                           (21.4)                -           (21.4)            (18.9)      (13.2)    (13.2)           (18.9) 
Insurance proceeds on items in PP&E                              8.0                 -             8.0              58.8       (86.4)    (86.4)            58.8 
Operating profit before foreign exchange movements 
and interest                                                 1,894.5             (10.8)        1,883.7           2,526.0       (25.0)    (25.4)         2,777.2 
Foreign exchange loss (note 7)                                  (2.7)                -            (2.7)            (39.9)       93.2      93.2            (47.2) 
Operating profit before interest                             1,891.8             (10.8)        1,881.0           2,486.1       (23.9)    (24.3)         2,730.0 
- Finance costs                                               (648.8)                -          (648.8)           (592.7)       (9.5)     (9.5)          (603.5) 
- Finance income                                                25.1                 -            25.1              25.9        (3.1)     (3.1)            26.4 
Net finance costs                                             (623.7)                -          (623.7)           (566.8)      (10.0)    (10.0)          (577.1) 
Profit before taxation                                       1,268.1             (10.8)        1,257.3           1,919.3       (33.9)    (34.5)         2,152.9 
Taxation                                                      (399.4)              2.8          (396.6)           (574.2)       30.4      30.9           (644.0) 
Profit for the year                                            868.7              (8.0)          860.7           1,345.1       (35.4)    (36.0)         1,508.9 
Profit attributable to: 
- Owners of the parent                                         888.6              (8.0)          880.6           1,332.6       (33.3)    (33.9)         1,494.9 
- Non-controlling interests                                    (19.9)                -           (19.9)             12.5      (100.0)   (100.0)            14.0 
Profit for the year                                            868.7              (8.0)          860.7           1,345.1       (35.4)    (36.0)         1,508.9 

Basic EPS (cents)                                              410.6              (3.7)          406.9             619.0       (33.7)    (34.3)           694.4 
Diluted basic EPS (cents)                                      401.9              (3.6)          398.3             607.5       (33.8)    (34.4)           681.5 
Dividend (cents):                                                                     
- Interim                                                       68.0                 -            68.0              76.0       (10.5)    (10.5)            76.0 
- Final                                                        140.0                 -           140.0             271.0       (48.3)    (48.3)           271.0 
 - Total                                                       208.0                 -           208.0             347.0       (40.1)    (40.1)           347.0 

^ Certain comparative figures shown do not correspond with the 2017 financial statements and reflect adjustments made. Refer to note 5. 
* Refer to note 2. 



Headline earnings                                                                                                         
                                                                                                                               
                                                                                                               Restated^                          Restated^
                                                                     52 weeks                   52 weeks       52 weeks                           53 weeks                       
                                                                     December                   December       December                           December
                                                                         2018   IFRS 9 & 15         2018           2017             Adjusted          2017 
Rm                                                                  (Reviewed)   adjustment*   (Adjusted)*   (Pro forma)  % change  % change*    (Reviewed) 
                                                                                                             
Reconciliation of profit for the year to   
Headline earnings 
Profit for the year attributable to owners of the parent               888.6          (8.0)        880.6        1,332.6      (33.3)    (33.9)      1,494.9 
Impairment of assets                                                    24.0             -          24.0           18.9       27.0      27.0          18.9 
Net loss on disposal of tangible and intangible assets                   9.5             -           9.5           23.3      (59.2)    (59.2)         23.3 
Profit on sale of non-current assets classified as held for sale       (15.9)            -         (15.9)          (2.3)    (100.0)   (100.0)         (2.3) 
Insurance proceeds on items of PP&E                                     (8.0)            -          (8.0)         (58.8)      86.4      86.4         (58.8) 
Available for sale reserve re-classified to the Income Statement           -             -             -            1.1     (100.0)   (100.0)          1.1 
Total tax effects of adjustments                                         3.0             -           3.0            4.4      (31.8)    (31.8)          4.4 
Headline earnings                                                      901.2          (8.0)        893.2        1,319.2      (31.7)    (32.3)      1,481.5 
Restructure costs after taxation                                       115.9             -         115.9              -          -         -             - 
Headline earnings before restructure costs (taxed)                   1,017.1          (8.0)      1,009.1        1,319.2      (22.9)    (23.5)      1,481.5 

Headline EPS (cents)                                                   416.5          (3.7)        412.8          612.8      (32.6)    (23.9)        688.2 
Headline EPS before restructure costs (taxed) (cents)                  470.0          (3.7)        466.3          612.8      (23.3)    (23.9)        688.2 
Diluted headline EPS (cents)                                           407.6          (3.6)        404.0          601.4      (32.2)    (32.8)        675.4 
Diluted headline EPS before restructure costs (taxed) (cents)          460.1          (3.6)        456.5          601.4      (23.5)    (24.1)        675.4 

^ Certain comparative figures shown do not correspond with the 2017 financial statements and reflect adjustments made. Refer to note 5. 
* Refer to note 2. 



Condensed consolidated statement of comprehensive income 
                                                                                                               Restated^                        Restated^
                                                                     52 weeks                   52 weeks       52 weeks                         53 weeks           
                                                                     December                   December       December                         December 
                                                                         2018   IFRS 9 & 15         2018           2017             Adjusted        2017 
Rm                                                                  (Reviewed)   adjustment*   (Adjusted)*   (Pro forma)  % change  % change*  (Reviewed)                                                                                                                                           
                                                                                                              
Profit for the year                                                     868.7        (8.0)         860.7        1,345.1     (35.4)     (36.0)    1,508.9 
Items that will not subsequently be re-classified to the 
Income Statement:                                                        13.3           -           13.3           15.1     (11.9)     (11.9)       15.1 
Net post retirement medical aid actuarial profit                         13.4           -           13.4           15.1     (11.3)     (11.3)       15.1 
Fair value movement on OCI financial assets                              (0.1)          -           (0.1)             -         -          -           - 
Items that will subsequently be re-classified to the income statement:   90.6           -           90.6          (99.8)    100.0      100.0       (99.8)                                                                    
Foreign currency translation reserve                                     85.6           -           85.6         (109.7)    100.0      100.0      (109.7) 
Cash flow hedges - effective portion of changes in fair value            20.8           -           20.8          (14.2)    100.0      100.0       (14.2) 
Fair value movement on available-for-sale financial assets                  -           -              -            0.4    (100.0)    (100.0)        0.4 
Income tax relating to components of other comprehensive income.        (15.8)          -          (15.8)          23.7    (100.0)    (100.0)       23.7 
                                                               
Total other comprehensive profit for the year, net of tax               103.9           -          103.9          (84.7)    222.7      222.7       (84.7) 
Total comprehensive income for the year                                 972.6        (8.0)         964.6        1,260.4     (22.8)     (23.5)    1,424.2 
Total comprehensive income attributable to: 
 - Owners of the parent                                                 992.5        (8.0)         984.5        1,247.9     (20.5)     (21.1)    1,410.2 
 - Non-controlling interests                                            (19.9)          -          (19.9)          12.5    (100.0)    (100.0)       14.0 
Total comprehensive income for the year                                 972.6        (8.0)         964.6        1,260.4     (22.8)     (23.5)    1,424.2 

^ Certain comparative figures shown do not correspond with the 2017 financial statements and reflect adjustments made. Refer to note 5. 
* Refer to note 2. 


Condensed consolidated statement of financial position 
                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                             
                                                                                                   Restated^                               Restated^
                                            December 2018     IFRS 9 & 15   December 2018     December 2017               Adjusted*   December 2016     
Rm                                              (Reviewed)     adjustment*      (Adjusted)*       (Reviewed)   % change   % change        (Reviewed)   % change
                                                                                                                       
ASSETS 
Non-current assets                               14,165.8              -         14,165.8          13,575.1        4.4        4.4         12,687.3          7.0 
Property, plant and equipment                     9,647.2              -          9,647.2           9,368.1        3.0        3.0          8,627.8          8.6 
Goodwill and other intangible assets              3,656.3              -          3,656.3           3,378.9        8.2        8.2          3,159.0          7.0 
Investments and other financial assets              119.2              -            119.2             156.2      (23.7)     (23.7)           164.2         (4.9) 
Deferred taxation                                   743.1              -            743.1             671.9       10.6       10.6            736.3         (8.7) 
Current assets                                   20,605.2          (83.3)        20,521.9          18,893.8        9.1        8.6         18,905.9         (0.1) 
Inventories                                      12,180.9          (77.8)        12,103.1          10,984.6       10.9       10.2         11,210.2         (2.0) 
Trade, other receivables and prepayments          5,693.2           (4.0)         5,689.2           5,119.1       11.2       11.1          4,684.7          9.3 
Taxation                                            361.3           (1.5)           359.8             396.5       (8.9)      (9.3)           208.7         90.0 
Cash on hand and bank balances                    2,369.8              -          2,369.8           2,393.6       (1.0)      (1.0)         2,802.3        (14.6) 
Non-current assets classified as held for sale       11.6              -             11.6              19.9      (41.7)     (41.7)            17.7         12.4 
Total assets                                     34,782.6          (83.3)        34,699.3          32,488.8        7.1        6.8         31,610.9          2.8 

EQUITY AND LIABILITIES 
Total equity                                      6,528.6           (44.9)        6,483.7           6,341.7        2.9        2.2          5,719.0         10.9 
Equity attributable to owners   
                                                  6,514.0           (44.9)        6,469.1           6,298.5        3.4        2.7          5,644.5         11.6 
of the parent 
Non-controlling interests                            14.6               -            14.6              43.2      (66.2)     (66.2)            74.5        (42.0) 
Non-current liabilities                           3,694.5           (20.3)        3,674.2           4,142.4      (10.8)     (11.3)         4,917.2        (15.8) 
Interest-bearing borrowings (note 11)             2,254.1               -         2,254.1           2,760.8      (18.4)     (18.4)         3,496.7        (21.0) 
Deferred taxation                                    76.7           (20.3)           56.4              66.3       15.7      (14.9)            73.9        (10.3) 
Other non-current liabilities and 
                                                  1,363.7               -         1,363.7           1,315.3        3.7        3.7          1,346.6         (2.3) 
provisions 
Current liabilities                              24,559.5           (18.1)       24,541.4          22,004.7       11.6       11.5         20,974.7          4.9 
Trade, other payables and provisions             21,925.1           (18.1)       21,907.0          20,581.4        6.5        6.4         19,634.2          4.8 
Taxation                                            205.3               -           205.3              59.1      100.0      100.0            121.6        (51.4) 
Bank overdrafts and debt facilities (note 11)     1,744.0               -         1,744.0              87.5      100.0      100.0            180.6        (51.6) 
Interest-bearing borrowings (note 11)               685.1               -           685.1           1,276.7      (46.3)     (46.3)         1,038.3         22.9 

Total equity and liabilities                     34,782.6           (83.3)       34,699.3           32,488.8       7.1        6.8         31,610.9          2.8 

^ Certain comparative figures shown do not correspond with the 2017 financial statements and reflect adjustments made. Refer to note 5. 
* Refer to note 2. 


go to top